snmp Race condition Large routing table


I recently configured a Linux based system running BGP (Quagga / Zebra) to allow SNMP data to be collected by a monitoring server. Initially all looked fine, interface metrics and CPU utilization was all showing; randomly the monitoring server was unable to poll the router.

Checking on the router the SNMPD process was maxed out at 100% CPU, after running an strace I discovered that a race condition was occurring when the monitoring server initiated a poll; the SNMPD process was looping over the ipRouteEntry for each interface and would never complete. I already had a feeling that the size of the routing table would cause issues with SNMP polling (as the monitoring server pulls back everything below the root OID) as the routing table contains ~ 500k entries!

After checking the man pages I found nothing useful, other than a few bug reports; after a bit of tweaking I managed to exclude checking of the OIDs that caused this condition to occur. The main fixer here is to create a ‘view’, and exclude the routing based OIDs, then apply this view against your monitoring server community entries.

I wanted to share this as it is a bit of a stinker, especially if you want to run SNMPD on a Linux router with a large routing table. Hope it helps!

Below is a copy of my SNMPD config.


proc /usr/lib/quagga/zebra
proc /usr/lib/quagga/bgpd
proc /usr/lib/quagga/ospfd
interface eth0 6 100000000
interface eth1 6 100000000

# Community to security names
com2sec local localhost public
com2sec mon-svr public

# Security to group names
group monitoring v2c local
group monitoring v2c mon-svr

# Define view
view no_routes included .1 80
# These are required to prevent SNMPD racing
view no_routes excluded ipRouteEntry
view no_routes excluded ipForward
view no_routes excluded ipRouteDest
view no_routes excluded ipRouteTable
view no_routes excluded ipNetToMediaTable
view no_routes excluded ipNetToPhysicalTable
view no_routes excluded at

access monitoring "" any noauth exact no_routes none none
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  • Who is Gareth?

    Established in the mid eighties, Gareth took to computers at an early age. Growing to lead a career in IT, now spanning over a decade. His big passion is fitness, and studying the impact it has on a persons life. As a regular at the gym he uses his workouts to push his body beyond the limit. When not working, Gareth spends his evenings developing ideas to generate viable business solutions encompassing his passions, IT + Fitness.

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